In the story of Ahalya, the king of gods Indra impersonates a human husband in order to gain sexual access to a human woman, assuming the form of a particular man in order to commit adultery with the man's wife. It has been mentioned, told and retold in Hindu scriptures from the Brahmanas 9th-6th century BC right upto the Puranas, which continued to be written well in to the medieval period 5th to 15th century AD.
It is told twice in the Ramayana and Indrani indra wife sexual dysfunction in the Mahabharata. Wendy Doniger points out that the law books of ancient India the dharma-texts blame the man squarely. This is on the basis of the assumption that all women are seductive, just as all snakes bite; but the man is culturally responsible. Knowing that all women are seductive, the male adulterer is at fault when a woman is allowed to do what she is naturally inclined to do.
In myths, on the other hand, the woman is almost always to blame and is cursed, mutilated or killed. In this post I'm going to compare briefly, versions that appear in the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. GC Pande's massive volume on life in ancient India describes the Ramayana as "reflecting an age of unquestioned moral idealism".
Living life according to traditional norms and morality is the leading idea of the epic. The Mahabharata, on Indrani indra wife sexual dysfunction other hand, is a text in which ethical principles and cynical policies are in constant conflict. Despite moralising, didactic portions, "realpolitik" is not given up in practice, and the whole atmosphere is one of bold questioning and intellectuality. Their respective versions of the the Indra-Ahalya story reflect Indrani indra wife sexual dysfunction. In one telling, there is no masquerade at all.
Indra, as himself, simply takes her by force - she was raped. Subsequently, we are told that Indra comes in the form of Gautama her husband. She sees through the disguise but goes ahead anyway out of sexual curiosity about the king of the gods.
The deed done, Indra rushes out of the hut and runs straight into Gautama, who is returning from a bath in the "Indrani indra wife sexual dysfunction," blazing forth with his ascetic power. He curses Indra thus "You fool, since you have taken my form and done what should not be done, you shall be without your fruit.
Later restored with the testicles Indrani indra wife sexual dysfunction a ram Another version of the curse makes Indra sahasrayoni possessing 1, female genitals.
Ahalya is also cursed. Turned to stone in one version. Invisible to all creatures, you will live in this hermitage. And when Rama, who is unassailable, comes to this terrible forest, then you will be purified. By receiving him as a guest you will become free of greed and delusion, you evil woman, and you will take on your own form in my presence, full of joy.
In this version, Indra comes to Gautama's asrama in the disguise of a brahmin, and when the sage is away, takes his form and asks Ahalya to have sex with him.
It is not clear whether she recognises the god, but there is Indrani indra wife sexual dysfunction for doubt, because she states that "her husband's' desire for sex during the day is unlike him.
So perhaps she does, or doesn't know it's not her husband? Gautama has a son called Cirakarika, because he does everything after much deliberation, and thus takes a long time to accomplish even the smallest of tasks. After the adultery, Gautama orders his son to kill his mother, and leaves for the forest, where he repents for his hasty decision.
He blames Indra for polluting his wife because of his passion. Meanwhile, the son ponders and concludes that a woman is not guilty if she has not consented to the act of adultery willingly; that women are physically weak and have to submit to the desires of men. So if a man leads a woman to adultery, the woman is not to blame.
To add to this, Gautama considers: It is my own "yoga" concentration that is to be blamed Jealousy, itself a sin, and opposed to sadacara behaviour of good peoplea faulty emotion, takes the blame, and also the sting out of the adultery intentional or unintentional.
And so the issue remains unresolved in my mind, at least. If Ahalya was raped, was she guilty? Rama's comment to Sita after he kills Ravana would definitely seems to indicate so.
Although the narrative of the epic states clearly that Sita is pure, Rama compares her to a sacrificial offering that has been licked by a dog, and tells her she is free to go her own way Check it out if you don't believe me! If Ahalya thought the man in her hut was Gautama, where does the blame lie? And if she thought he was out or sorts, does that mean she knew Indrani indra wife sexual dysfunction was another man?
And if she knew what she was doing, is Indra to blame in any way - after all he's not married Gautama, is he? And are there others way of looking at the episode?
Life, Thought and Culture in India: Wendy Doniger in the History of Religions. Why bother with Sanskrit? The story of Ahalya and Indra: Was it really adultery?
The law books of ancient India blame the man squarely, on the assumption that all women are seductive, but the man is culturally responsible. Ramayana In one telling, there is no masquerade at all. The Mahabharata In this version, Indra comes to Gautama's asrama in the "Indrani indra wife sexual dysfunction" of a brahmin, and when the sage is away, takes his form and asks Ahalya to have sex with him.
Sujoy GhoshIndraAhalya. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of DailyO.
The writers are solely responsible for any claims arising out of the contents of this article. Sign In with or to comment. This may be explained by the fact Indrani is wife to all who may Indra' sexual mores are cited in justification of other lapses of his. He is said. Indra, also known as Sakra in the Vedas, is the leader of the Devas or gods Purana, an unspeakable sex scandal made an ascetic curse Indra to carry his Even after Lord Brahma had married her to the pure-of-heart sage.
Rukmini being Krishna's wife must be Shri, and Draupadi being Pandava's wife i.e. wife In Mahabharata, in the Indra-Indrani-Nahusha Puranic Indrani uses.