Female ejaculation is characterized as an expulsion of fluid from or near the vagina during or before an orgasm. It is also known colloquially as squirting or gushing although these are considered to be different phenomena in some research publications.
To date, there have been no conclusive or major studies relating to female ejaculation. Much of the problem in arriving at a consensus relates to a failure to adopt 80s dating video women ejeculate agreed-on definitions or research methodology.
Research has used highly selected individuals, case studies, or very small numbers of subjects, making generalization difficult. Most of the research into the nature of the fluid focuses on determining whether 80s dating video women ejeculate is or contains urine. Some believe the fluid is secreted by the paraurethral ducts through and around the human female urethrabut the exact source and nature of the fluid remain controversial among medical professionals, which is also related to doubts over the existence of the G-spot.
The suggestion that women can expel fluid from their genital area as part of sexual arousal has been described by women's health writer Rebecca Chalker as "one of the most hotly debated questions in modern sexology ". The reasons for the interest in female ejaculation has been questioned by feminist writers. In the 16th century, the Dutch physician Laevinius Lemniusreferred to how a woman "draws forth the man's seed and casts her own with it".
In the 17th century, 80s dating video women ejeculate Dutch anatomist Reinier de Graaf wrote an influential treatise on the reproductive organs Concerning the Generative Organs of Women which is much cited in the literature on this topic. De Graaf discussed the original controversy but supported the Aristotelian view.
In the lower part, near the outlet of the urinary passage, this membrane is pierced by large ducts, or lacunae, through which pituito-serous matter occasionally discharges in considerable quantities. Between this very thin membrane and the fleshy fibres we have just described there is, along the whole duct of the urethra, a whitish membranous substance about one finger-breadth thick which completely surrounds the urethral canal The substance could be called quite aptly the female 'prostatae' or 'corpus glandulosum', 'glandulous body' The function of the 'prostatae' is to generate a pituito-serous juice which makes women more libidinous with its pungency and saltiness and lubricates their sexual parts in agreeable fashion during coitus.
Krafft-Ebing's study of sexual perversion, Psychopathia Sexualisdescribes female ejaculation under the heading "Congenital Sexual Inversion in Women" as a perversion related to neurasthenia and homosexuality. It is
80s dating video women ejeculate described by Freud in pathological terms in his study of Dorawhere he relates it to hysteria. The pride taken by women in the appearance of their genitals is quite a special feature of their vanity; and disorders of genitals which they think calculated to inspire feelings of repugnance or even disgust have an incredible power of humiliating them, of lowering their self-esteem, and of making them irritable, sensitive, and distrustful.
An abnormal secretion of the mucous membrane of the vagina is looked upon as source of disgust. However, women's writing of that time portrayed this in more positive terms.
Thus we find Almeda Sperry writing to Emma Goldman inabout the "rhythmic spurt of your love juices". Female ejaculation is mentioned as normal in early 20th century 'marriage manuals', such as TH Van de Velde 's Ideal Marriage: Its Physiology and Technique Certainly van de Velde was well aware of the varied experiences of women. It appears that the majority of laymen believe that something is forcibly squirted or propelled or extrudedor expelled from the woman's body in orgasm, and should so happen as in the man's case.
Finally it is just as certain that such an 'ejaculation' does not take place in many women of sexually normal functions, as that it does take place in others. Yet the subject was largely ignored for most of the early part of the "80s dating video women ejeculate." InHuffman, an American gynaecologist, published his studies of the prostatic tissue in women together with a historical account and detailed drawings.
These clearly showed the difference between the original glands identified by Skene at the urinary meatus, and the more proximal collections of glandular tissue emptying directly into the urethra.
The urethra might well be compared to a tree about which and growing outward from its base are numerous stunted branches, the paraurethral ducts and glands. To date, most of the interest had focused on the substance and structure rather than function of the glands.
An erotic zone always could be demonstrated on the anterior wall of the vagina along the course of the urethra In the course of sexual stimulationthe female urethra begins to enlarge and can be felt easily. It swells "80s dating video women ejeculate" greatly at the end of orgasm Occasionally the production of fluids is If there is the opportunity to observe the orgasm of such women, one can see that large quantities of a clear transparent fluid are expelled not from the vulva, but out of the urethra in gushes.
At first I thought that the bladder sphincter had become defective by the intensity of the orgasm. Involuntary expulsion of urine is reported in sex literature. In the cases observed by us, the fluid was examined and it had no urinary character. I am inclined to believe that "urine" reported to be
80s dating video women ejeculate during female orgasm is not urine, but only secretions of the intraurethral glands correlated with the erotogenic zone along the urethra in the anterior vaginal wall.
Moreover the profuse secretions coming out with the orgasm have no lubricating "80s dating video women ejeculate," otherwise they would be produced at the beginning of intercourse and not at the peak of orgasm.
However this paper made little impact, and was dismissed in the major sexological writings of that time, such as Kinsey  and Masters and Johnson equating this "erroneous belief" with urinary stress incontinence. Although clearly Kinsey was familiar with the phenomenon, commenting that p. Muscular contractions of the vagina following orgasm may squeeze out some of the genital secretions, and in a few cases eject them with some force.
Most women do not ejaculate during orgasm The topic did not receive serious attention again until a review by Josephine Lowndes Sevely and JW Bennett appeared in Whipple became aware of the phenomenon when studying urinary incontinence, with which it is often confused. Nevertheless, the theory advanced by these authors was immediately dismissed by many other authors, such as physiologist Joseph Bohlen,  for not being based on rigorous scientific procedures, and psychiatrist Helen Singer Kaplan stated: Female ejaculation as distinct from female urination during orgasm has never been scientifically substantiated and is highly questionable, to say the least.
Some radical feminist writers, such as Sheila Jeffreys were also dismissive, claiming it as a figment of male fantasy: There are examples in the sexological literature of men's sexual fantasies about lesbian sexuality.
Krafft-Ebing invented a form of ejaculation for women. It required the detailed anatomical work of Helen O'Connell  from onwards to more properly elucidate the relationships between the different anatomical structures involved.
As she observes, the female perineal urethra is embedded in the anterior vaginal wall and is surrounded by erectile tissue in all directions except posteriorly where it relates to the vaginal wall. These parts have a shared vasculature and nerve supply and during sexual stimulation respond as a unit".
Female ejaculation appears in 20th-century anthropological works, such as Malinowski 's Melanesian study, The Sexual Life of Savagesand Gladwin and Sarason's "Truk: Man in Paradise" Malinowski states that in the language of the Trobriand Island people, a single word is used to describe ejaculation in both male and female.
Both the male and female discharge are called by the same name momona or momolaand they ascribe to both the same origin in the kidneys, and the same function, which has nothing to do with generation, but is concerned with lubricating the membrane and increasing pleasure. In describing sexual relations amongst the Trukese "80s dating video women ejeculate," Gladwin and Sarason state that "Female orgasm is commonly signalled by urination".
Amongst the Batoro, older women teach the younger women "kachapati" spraying the wall at puberty. See also Chalker pp. To date, there have been no conclusive or major studies relating to female ejaculation, the largest study being an internet survey consisting of participants. For instance, much of the research into the nature of the fluid focuses on determining whether it is or contains urine. There are also problems involved in the collection of specimens and issues of contamination.
Since the area of interest is para-urethral glands, it is impossible to completely separate the 80s dating video women ejeculate from urine, especially considering that there may be retrograde ejaculation into the urethra towards the bladder.
The best current data comes from studies where women have abstained from coitus, and
80s dating video women ejeculate their own urine is used as a control both pre- and post-orgasm.
Research has attempted to use chemicals that are excreted in the urine so that any urinary contamination can be detected. Further methodological issues include the fact that the composition of the fluid appears to vary with the menstrual cycle,  and that the biochemical profile of the para-urethral tissues varies with age.
The key questions are the source of the fluid produced, and its composition. Some aspects of the research community distinguish between female ejaculation and what is colloquially known as squirting or gushing.
In these research publications, it is suggested that "real" female ejaculation is the release of a very scanty, thick, and whitish fluid from the female prostate,   while the "squirting" or "gushing" shown frequently in pornography is a different phenomenon: Towards the later part of the 20th century, there was significant confusion between female ejaculation and urinary incontinence.
InBohlen explained the accepted wisdom: The previously accepted notion that all fluid expelled during a woman's orgasm is urine is now being challenged Scientific studies from the s and later have demonstrated that the substance produced is 80s dating video women ejeculate from urine, though it does show similarities such as alkalinity with urine. Seven women claiming to have ejaculations expelled large volumes of urine through the catheter at orgasm, and little to no other fluid.
It may be important for physicians to establish whether there is in fact any incontinence in women who report ejaculation, to avoid unnecessary interventions.