The reclassification "will reduce stigma so that it may help better social acceptance for these individuals," according to the WHO.
LGBTI rights have made significant progress over the past few years — but only in some parts of the world. In many places, LGBTI people still face widespread stigmatization and persecution, and in a surprising number of countries the penalty for same-sex relationships is prison or even death. There are 73 countries — mostly in the Middle East, Africa and Asia — where homosexual activity between consenting adults is illegal, according to Equaldexa collaborative LGBTI rights website.
Some countries only criminalize sex between men but a growing number have recently expanded their laws to include bisexual and lesbian women. And in some nations where homosexuality has been decriminalized, LGBTI people can still face violence, arbitrary arrest, imprisonment and torture, according to Amnesty International. The death penalty is applied by non-state actors, including Islamic state, "Nigeria death penalty homosexuality" Syria and Iraq.
In theory the death penalty could be handed down under sharia law in Mauritania, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, though it does not appear to have been implemented, the report says. Australia officially became the 26th country to legalize same-sex marriage in December Germany also changed its laws last year to allow same-sex marriage, as did Malta, Bermuda and Finland.
However, most Central and Eastern European countries have not legalized it. A Pew Research survey of 18 countries in Central and Eastern Europe found that public opinion is broadly opposed to same-sex marriage.
Inthe US Supreme Court ruled that same-sex couples have a constitutional right to marry, effectively bringing marriage equality to all 50 states. Since it was adopted inthe law has been used to detain LGBTI activists and to stop pride marches. The latest in a series of rights reversals prompting concern include banning transgender people from serving in the US military in most circumstances and removing protections for transgender prison inmates.
Recently the US Supreme Court ruled in favour of a Colorado baker who would not make a wedding cake for a gay couple. Although the case stopped short of setting a precedent that would allow people to claim exemption from anti-discrimination laws for religious reasons, Nigeria death penalty homosexuality highlighted tensions in the US between conservative Christians and the proponents of LGBTI rights.
Only five countries in the world — Bolivia, Ecuador, Fiji, Malta and the UK — have constitutions that explicitly guarantee equality for citizens on the basis of sexual orientation as well as gender identity, according to a UCLA study. Five countries — Mexico, New Zealand, Portugal, South Africa and Sweden — have constitutions provide protections based on sexual orientation. But globally, there are few constitutional protections for LGBTI rights compared to provisions to protect against gender or racial discrimination, says the study.
The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of Nigeria death penalty homosexuality opinion on the part of the World Economic Forum concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Rosamond HuttFormative Content. The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum.
Rosamond Hutt Formative Content. These refugee children have danced in the snow for the first time Kate Whiting 15 Nov We need to understand more about the role of women as peacekeepers.
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