Teorijski pristup revitalizaciji istorijskog objekta u okviru urbane celine Theoretical approach to the revitalization of the historical structure within the frame of urban sites.
At the same time, the meeting was dedicated to the 18th April — the International day of monuments and monument sites, in the year thematically dedicated to waters H2O.
By organizing this round table, we wanted to initiate cooperation of National Committees in the region. Unfortunately, representatives of some invited National Committees were not able to participate at this meeting because of their obligations.
Firuz-bey, Bosnian sandjak-bey established a hammam as a foundation serving the needs of his
Bliski odnosi online dating school. The hammam was functional until the beginning of the 19th century. Bliski odnosi online datingit was closed due to damage and danger of collapsing. Just before WWI, the hammam was nearly pulled down.
The structure has not been in use since InThe Tobacco Factory in Sarajevo became the sole owner of the entire site with partially preserved monument, intending to give a new function to the site. Also, we have been witnessing for a quite a while, that despite generally-accepted restoration and revitalization principles of the cultural-historic heritage, there are interventions being performed in the protected area of Sarajevo, that "Bliski odnosi online dating" authentic values of the heritage.
We cannot intentionally influence on creativity and invention, which are important factors during performing a complex task of integrating old and new, not in any creator, but we can direct them and lead them to the path of well-estimated value. We can prevent heritage degradation and conflicts in the space by limitation measures. New architecture built in a certain period and
Bliski odnosi online dating a certain ambience, defined by certain attributes, takes up a certain place in relation to the existing one.
It has certain value and transitoriness as a spatial, shaping and functional creation. To create the sublime having a correlation with the existing, this means to understand it as it appears in
Bliski odnosi online dating of its meanings. Nivo supstrukcije - hipokaustni sustav The level of substruction - the hypocaust system A. Truhelke, arheologa koji se dotakao ove teme i dao svoj doprinos u rasvjetljavanju ove problematike.
Sukladno tome je i prostor Firuz-begovog hamama, koji je Radove na lokalitetu je izvela ekipa u sastavu: One of the obligatory and more recognizable forms of the
Bliski odnosi online dating oriental architecture, both profane and public in character, are Turkish baths.
Although the oriental architecture is a dominant and above all recognizable visual and cultural expression of the Ottoman political-administrative and economical reign on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina, comparatively little was written about Turkish baths in technical literature Grabrijan In order to consider a complete picture of the function and the cultural role of a Turkish bath in society, there is a justified problem which is represented on a regular basis, by scarce and insufficient historical and archive material which gives, in most cases, basic information on the time, place and the method of building, and sometimes, even precious data on endowments vakufendowers vakif and endowment charters vakufnama.
However, this by no means belittles its historical importance and meaning in architectural and social trends, both in the past and the present.
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The Turkish bath was built during the second governorship of Firuz-bey in Bosnia, where he reigned as Vrhbosna
Bliski odnosi online dating untilwhen the structure was finished and founded as an endowment for the needs of a religious school medresawhich was his only endowment. Besides interesting constructive and decorative solutions, as well as, its primary function - taking a bath, to which 3 It was H. Before him, data on these buildings could be found in works of many travel writers, the best known of whom is E.
Studies of Turkish baths, within the frame of
Bliski odnosi online dating trends of Sarajevo town development and social-cultural relations, were mainly done by historians, so almost no attention was drawn to this thematics, from the aspect of archaeology and archaeological researches. Just because of the importance, but chiefly because of the extraordinarity of preserved structures of this purpose, there is a need to carry out archaeological researches, which will surely complete studies of the Ottoman architecture in the past of the town of Sarajevo.
Still, archaeological researches defined dimensions of the former building successfully, and so was a range of architectural elements and contents of the Turkish bath, which have not been known to the professional and broader public up to now.
The works on the locality were carried out by a team consisting of: The results of the researches, that is, movable and immovable archaeological material were presented in: Numerous examples of typologically characteristic pottery9, also bear witness to that.
Besides the most frequent decoration painting geometrical and floral motifs in red pigmentitems of glazed and non-glazed pottery have been recorded. Besides pottery, fragments of ceramic tubes were recorded, as were great numbers of characteristic ceramic pipes lulicered-brown in colour.
On the other hand, the stability of constructive elements in vertical elevation and architectural contents in the horizontal grid of the structure, some of which were found in situ, give almost entirely a possibility of visualizing the former appearance and content of this structure. Besides
Bliski odnosi online dating walls, which were visible above the ground level, somewhere almost in its original height, the results of the archaeological researches show that the
Bliski odnosi online dating part of the hammam was preserved in the lower zone, that is, in architectural constructions below the ground floor, made mostly of wall foundations and columns of the hypocaust system picture 3. makes it simple to publish...
Continuous excavation of the substruction level, individual rooms, where the ground floor level has not been preserved, showed the foundation columns of the hypocaust system, i. The hypocaust system which is made of small passages and corridors, through which hot air circulates, is exclusively intended for the rooms of the hammam as a functional and purposeful concept, in the way that it heats the space and the water.
Its origin can be found in the thermae of antiquity world. The concept of the hypocaust in Turkish baths of the oriental cultural circle, is "Bliski odnosi online dating" somewhat different in relation to those ones from antiquity, but in the end, they both have the same function — heating up space
Bliski odnosi online dating water.
No parallel can be found yet to it concerning its surface and size on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. A large part of the former walking surface - ground floor was also preserved in this section, was made of rectangularly cut marble slabs in regular pattern.
There was no hypocaust heating system recorded below them. There are remains of seats extending next to the north and south wall - minderluk, with bases for gallery columns and wooden bars on windows kafazewhich were not preserved.
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The central architectural construction, so-called mejdan is square in shape from the outside, while the inner wall surface is divided into 4 rectangular and one polygonal recesses - niches, which are radially spaced out in the room, and represent individual architectural ensembles with square. Kurne are an indispensable part of a hammam picture 6.
Although Turkish baths are usually viewed through a
Bliski odnosi online dating of religiousness interpreting cultural and social lifeand through an important and indispensable religious aspect - that one of ritual ablutions, it is known that these structures having the same purpose, were used during history, by members of other religious communities, especially the Jewish one.
Possible architectural solutions of this space within the entire building indicate that to a certain extent. One should not particularly emphasize that the Ottoman period, which was one of more recognizable 12 It was precisely on these central parts of the hammam that bigger concentration of ceramic roof cover - half
Bliski odnosi online dating tiles was recorded during excavations, whose finds indicate that the cupola was not covered in lead being mainly a frequent and usual way of roofingbut in ceramic half-round tiles. Main · Videos; Gay male...
In accordance with this, it is necessary to keep and preserve as "Bliski odnosi online dating" existing, original, architectural elements and contents as possible, because of the exceptional importance and thrustworthiness of the discovered finds in the renewal process, i.
Grabrijan, Bosensko orientalska arhitektura v Sarajevu s posebnim ozirom na sodobno, Ljubljana, Zlatar, Dolazak jevreja u Sarajevo. Sefard 92, Zbornik radova, Sarajevo,str. Zlatar, Utjecaj primorskih majstora na izgradnju nekih objekata u Bosni i Hercegovini u osmansko doba, Znakovi vremena: Dalje, opredeljenje za pristup revitalizaciji ovog istorijskog objekta mora da uzme u obzir nekoliko bitnih elemenata koji uslovljavaju pristup: Theoretical approach to the revitalization of the historical structure within the frame of urban sites.
However, it is a fact that we all, although representing various national committees hence different environmentsdo this job in similar circumstances, face with more or less similar problems related to social transition, migrations, striking economical crisis, chronic shortage of funds, various pressures, conflicts of
Bliski odnosi online dating and demands from investors.
It seems somewhat logical to ask ourselves now at the risk of
Bliski odnosi online dating part of the report being understood as a digression — if this job is that difficult to do in the aforementioned circumstances, why do we do it at all, or more importantly, how are we supposed to do it?
I will invoke Brandi here again. Besides, this understanding of the occupation includes inevitably a feeling of professional, but also civil responsibility and primarily of public interest — which Brandi gives precedence to, over any type of personal interest. Therefore, it must and should stay exclusively within the frame of ethical and professional dealing with the problem.
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Further, commitment to the revitalization approach of this historical structure must take into account several important elements which are conditions of the approach: First - the level of the preservation state of the historical monument, which determines conservation treatment always. In this case, the historical building is ruined or poorly preserved to the point that it is reduced to archaeological site, therefore quantity of the preservation state is a condition to the treatment.
Then, the non-existence of the preserved original technical documentation. It was said, that the only documentation is represented by written descriptions and that
Bliski odnosi online dating research or conservation works have never been carried out. In conservation theory, the view that is generally held is, that the preservation of the cultural heritage is most efficiently assured by interventions aimed at giving back the function to a cultural asset.
Bliski odnosi online dating, when speaking about archaeological sites, especially those ones, that, according to their structure, have functional purpose, restoring the function must never be primary aspect of their preservation, much less a reason for interventions.
That means, the locality is the one which conditions the intervention, not vice-versa. If we accept that authenticity is a qualitative factor of heritage, then, the preservation of that authenticity is a first-class conservation task. An authenticity that was once lost, cannot be reconstructed any more.
It is clear that this can happen only if material reading and interpretation of codes. The matter of a function of a historical building is very complex and can be never solved according to some universal model. In every single case, a commitment for the approach must be based on the identification of specific values and their critical evaluation.
Bliski odnosi online dating great number of preserved historical buildings have remained without any function, but in these cases as well, the very cultural value gives to that building the heritage value and a certain sense Bliski odnosi online dating historical continuity and context of contemporary living.
This applies in the first place to archaeological localities, which, as ruins, lost their original purpose, and to whom it is not possible to restore the original function.
Reconstruction is a procedure of preservation of architectural heritage, which restores a historical building or a site, that were pulled down entirely or in larger parts. Therefore, reconstruction is a radical intervention which results much more in newly-restored, than in authentic parts. Because, either "Bliski odnosi online dating" or implicitly, the reconstruction always tries to annihilate the time span.
Solution should be a professionally conducted conservation treatment of the remains and their adequate presentation through incorporating it into a new structure, which can and should be a qualitative contribution to the historical site. There is no doubt that this is a delicate and responsible task which demands appropriate professional engagement.
Still, I see this solution as the only way that can preserve material authenticity of the historical structure and enable transmission of its values to the future, without compromising the whole of the historical site. The round table took place on the occasion of the 18th April, the International day of monuments and monument sites. Besides content-related presentations that were held within the round table, steps that are necessary to be taken were elaborated, in order to preserve remains, discovered during research works.
It is necessary to remark that the precondition for successful protection and improving of existing values, is respect for basic conservation principles and procedure that is required by law, which envision the preservation of the original condition and integrity of the very remains of the Turkish bath, and broader surroundings as well.
Therefore, there is no doubt that it is necessary to protect the found subconstruction of the hypocaust and the Turkish bath from decay, as urgently as possible. For that purpose, physical protection of
Bliski odnosi online dating discovered remains and their urgent conservation in condition as found, should be provided for.
Only after completing this task, conditions. In the first "Bliski odnosi online dating," there is a need to achieve consensus on revitalization of the archaeological site in the way that we envisage a presentation of the existing conserved remains with a contemporary interpretation of the original architectural values.
It is necessary to define conception and adequate techniques of building. Also, it is of great importance to determine the adequate function to the future structure, in the way that, one should choose the function which is not in conflict with the original purpose of the structure, and it can contribute to a proper presentation of the authentically preserved remains of the Turkish bath.
Although it may be established that a recent structure, built on the remains of the Turkish bath in the midth century, did not destroy the subconstructions of it, there are other evident interventions which usurp the space of the bath physically. Further, it is necessary to free the entire plot from subsequent construction, that is, to remove the existing crafting shop located on the plot.
In accordance with the mentioned plans of the investor, the space will receive the exhibition function, meaning that, an art gallery is planned to be placed in the future building. It is important to remark that this type of planned purpose, besides adding appropriate complementary contemporary functions, should be enlarged by forming a museum
Bliski odnosi online dating situ. This conception would include, besides the planned gallery, that the future structure receives a museum purpose.
The museum that is to be formed, will have a prominent display of archaeological remains of the existing architecture, as
Bliski odnosi online dating as, the rest of the finds from the site. That is not appropriate primarily because of the value and
Bliski odnosi online dating condition of the authentic remains, which, indisputably, deserve a proper presentation. Main · Videos; Infame definicion yahoo dating or break up · are you ready dating site · dating sites for teenagers 17 to 20 michigan · bliski odnosi online dating.
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