These five cities, also known as the "cities of the plain" from Genesis in the Authorized Versionwere situated on the Jordan River plain in the southern region of the land of Canaan. The plain, which corresponds to the area just north of the modern-day Dead Sea was compared to the garden of Eden [Gen.
Divine judgment by God was passed upon Sodom and Gomorrah and two neighboring cities, which were completely consumed by fire and brimstone.
Neighboring Zoar Bela was the only city to be spared.
In Abrahamic religionsSodom and Gomorrah have become synonymous with impenitent sin, and their fall with a proverbial manifestation of divine retribution. The story has therefore given rise to words in several languages. These include the English word sodomywhich is used in sodomy laws to describe sexual "crimes against nature", namely anal or oral sex particularly homosexualor bestiality.
The etymology of both names is uncertain, and scholars disagree about them. There are other stories and historical names which bear a resemblance to the biblical stories of Sodom and Gomorrah. Some possible natural explanations for the events described have been proposed, but no widely accepted or strongly verified sites for the cities have been found.
Of the five "cities of the plain", only Bela, modern-day Zoarais securely identified, and it remained a settlement long after the biblical period. The ancient Greek historiographer Strabo states
Sodom and gomorrah not destroyed because of homosexuality locals living near Moasada as opposed to Masada say that "there were once thirteen inhabited cities in that region of which Sodom was the metropolis". Rocznik historii sztuki online dating
Strabo identifies a limestone and salt hill at the south western tip of the Dead Sea, and Kharbet Usdum Hebrew: In Giovanni Pettinato claimed that a cuneiform tablet that had been found in the newly discovered library at Ebla contained the names of all five of the cities of the plain Sodom, Gomorrah, AdmahZeboimand Belalisted in the same order as in Genesis.
The names si-da-mu [TM. Excavations of the areas near Mount Sodom, Tel el-Hammam, and Bab edh-Dhra, led by Ron Wyattuncovered large sulfur chunks embedded within natural rock.
However, despite this seemingly incriminating find, these sulfuric deposits are most likely the result of calcite and gypsum reacting with the local strata following a seismic event. Furthermore, Wyatt's reliability is discredited by many scholars, historians, historical organizations, and even religious institutions, including the Israel Antiquities Authority  and Answers in Genesis.
Certain skeptics of the biblical account have theorized that, provided that the cities existed at all, they might have been destroyed by natural disaster. This might have unleashed showers of steaming tar. There is a lack of contemporary accounts of seismic activity within the necessary timeframe, however, to corroborate this theory.
InWalter E. Thomas Schaub discovered or visited a number of
Sodom and gomorrah not destroyed because of homosexuality sites of the cities, including Bab edh-Dhrawhich was originally excavated in by archaeologist Paul Lapp, and later finished by Rast and Schaub following his death. Each of the sites were near the Dead Sea and Sodom and gomorrah not destroyed because of homosexuality evidence of burning and traces of sulfur.
Another candidate for Sodom is the Tall el Hammam dig site which began in under the direction of Steven Collins. Merrill believes that the identification of Tall el-Hammam with Sodom would require an unacceptable restructuring of the biblical chronology.
The Jewish historian Josephus identifies the Dead Sea in geographic proximity to the ancient biblical city of Sodom. He refers to the lake by its Greek name, Asphaltites. The Book of Genesis is the primary source that mentions the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah.
The Battle of Siddim is described in Genesis Sodom and Gomorrah's political situation is described when Lot had encamped in Sodom's territory. At this time, "the men of Sodom [were] wicked and sinners before the Lord exceedingly". Their kingship, however, was not sovereign, because all of the river Jordan plain was under Elamite rule for 12 years. The kingdom of Elam was ruled by King Chedorlaomer.
In the 13th year of subjugation to Elam, the five kings of the river Jordan plain allied to rebel against Elamite rule. These kings included those of Sodom and Gomorrah as well as their neighbors: In response, Elam's King Chedorlaomergathered additional forces from ShinarEllasar and Goyim to suppress this rebellion from the cities of the plain.
They waged war in the Vale of Siddim in the 14th year.
Why did God destroy Sodom...
The battle was brutal with heavy losses in the cities of the plain, with their resultant defeat, Genesis Sodom and Gomorrah were spoiled of their goods, and captives were taken, including Lot. The tide of war turned when Lot's uncle, Abrahamgathered an elite force that slaughtered King Chedorlaomer's forces in Hobah, north of Damascus.
The success of his mission freed the cities of the plain from under Elam's rule.
The story of the judgment of Sodom and Gomorrah is told in Genesis 18— Three men, thought by most
Sodom and gomorrah not destroyed because of homosexuality to have been angels appearing as men, [ citation needed ] came to Abraham in the plains of Mamre. After the angels received the hospitality of Abraham and Sarah, "the Lord" revealed to Abraham that he would confirm what he had heard against Sodom and Gomorrah, "and because their sin is very grievous.
In response, Abraham inquired of the Lord if he would spare the city if 50 righteous people were found in it, to which the Lord agreed he would not destroy it for the sake of the righteous yet dwelling therein. Abraham then inquired of God for mercy at lower numbers first 45, then 40, then 30, then 20, and finally at 10with the Lord agreeing each time. Lot refused to give his guests to the inhabitants of Sodom and, instead, offered them his two virgin daughters "which have not known man" and to "do ye to them as [is] good in your eyes".
However, they refused this offer, complained about this alien, namely Lot, giving orders, and then came near to break down the door.
Lot's angelic guests rescued him and struck the men with blindness and they informed Lot of their mission to destroy the city. Then not having found even 10 righteous people in the citythey commanded Lot
Sodom and gomorrah not destroyed because of homosexuality gather his family and leave.
As they made their escape, one angel commanded Lot to "look not behind thee" singular "thee". However, as Sodom and Gomorrah were destroyed with brimstone and fire from the Lord, Lot's wife looked back at the city, and she became a pillar of salt.
Major and minor prophets in the Hebrew Bible have referred to Sodom and Gomorrah to parallel their prophetic events. The New Testament also contains passages of parallels to the destruction and surrounding events that pertained to these cities and those who were involved.
Later deuterocanonical texts attempt to glean additional insights about these cities of the Jordan Plain and their residents. Moses referred to the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah in Deuteronomy The whole land will be a burning waste of salt and sulfur—nothing planted, nothing sprouting, no vegetation growing on it.
It will be like the destruction of Sodom and
Sodom and gomorrah not destroyed because of homosexuality, Admah and Zeboyimwhich the Lord overthrew in fierce anger. They were haughty and did detestable things before me. Truly, I say to you, it shall be more tolerable on the day of judgment for the land of Sodom and Gomor'rah than for that town. You shall be brought down to Hades. For if the mighty works done in you had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.
But I tell you that it shall be more tolerable on the day of judgment for the land of Sodom than for you.
In 2 Peter 2: Wisdom rescued a righteous man when the ungodly were perishing; he escaped the fire that descended on the Five Cities. Evidence of their wickedness still remains: For because they passed wisdom by, they not only were hindered from recognizing the good, but also left for mankind a reminder of their folly, so that their failures could never go unnoticed.
Sodom and Gomorrah were cities...
They found themselves in total darkness, as each one groped around to find his own door. In 3 Maccabees 2: So will I do to those who have not listened to me, says the Lord Almighty. In 2 Esdras 7: Rictor Norton views classical Jewish texts as stressing the cruelty and lack of hospitality of the inhabitants of Sodom to the "stranger". Rabbinic writings affirm that the Sodomites also committed economic crimes, blasphemy and bloodshed. Other extrabiblical crimes committed by Sodom and Gomorrah included harshly punishing victims for crimes that the perpetrator committed, including forcing an assault victim to pay for the perpetrator's "bleeding" and forcing a woman to marry a man who intentionally caused her miscarriage to compensate for the lost child.
The citizens regularly engaged in the torture of foreigners who sought lodging. They did this by providing the foreigners a standard-sized beds and if they saw that the foreigner was too short for the bed, they would forcibly stretch their limbs but if the foreigner was too tall, they would cut off their legs.
Another woman was similarly executed in Admah for giving a traveler, who intended to leave the town the next day, water. When the scandal was revealed, the woman was stripped naked and covered with honey as she was slowly stung to death by bees.
Her cries reportedly went up into the heavens, the turning point that was revealed to have provoked God to enact judgement upon Sodom and Gomorrah in the first place. Levenson views a rabbinic tradition described in the Mishnah as postulating that the sin of Sodom was a violation of conventional hospitality in addition to homosexual conduct, describing Sodom's lack of generosity with the saying, "What is mine is mine; what is yours is yours" m.
A modern orthodox position is one that holds, "The paradigmatic instance of such aberrant behavior is found in the demand of the men of Sodom to 'know' the men visiting Lot, the nephew of Abraham, thus lending their name to the practice of 'sodomy'. Jay Michaelson proposes a reading of the story of Sodom that emphasizes the violation of hospitality as well as the violence of the Sodomites.
Reading the story of Sodom as being about homosexuality is like reading the story of an ax murderer as being about an ax.
The verses cited by Michaelson include Jeremiah And they were haughty, and did toevah before me, and I took them away as I saw fit. Several theories have been advanced in Christian thought concerning the sin of Sodom. One area of dispute is whether the mob was demanding the homosexual rape of Lot's guests. A second area of dispute is whether the act of homosexuality or the act of inhospitality and violence towards foreigners is the more significant ethical downfall of Sodom.
And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, "Sodom and gomorrah not destroyed because of homosexuality" [are] the men which came in to thee this night? However, the word "know" in the King James Version has been used to refer to sexual intercourse. One example can be found in Genesis 4: Some Hebrew scholars believe that yadaunlike the English word knowrequires the existence of a "personal and intimate relationship".
Countering this is the observation that one of the examples of know meaning to know sexually occurs when Lot responds to the Gen Behold now, I have two daughters which have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as is good in your eyes: Even as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.
This reference to "going after strange flesh" is understood in different ways to include something akin to bestiality, having illicit sex with strangers, having sex with angels, but most often God's
Sodom and gomorrah not destroyed because of homosexuality of the populations of the four cities is interpreted to mean homosexual same-sex relations. Many who interpret the stories in a non-sexual context contend that as the word for "strange" is akin to "another", "other", "altered" or even "next", the meaning is unclear, and if the condemnation of Sodom was the result of sexual activities perceived to be perverse, then it is likely that it was because women sought to commit fornication with "other than human" angels,  perhaps referring to Genesis 6 or the apocryphal Book of Enoch.
Countering this, it is pointed out that Genesis 6 refers to angels seeking women, not men seeking angels, and that both Sodom and Gomorrah were engaged in the sin Jude
Sodom and gomorrah not destroyed because of homosexuality before the angelic visitation, and that, regardless, it is doubtful that the Sodomites knew they were angels.
The story of Sodom and Gomorrah appears in Genesis – The laws in Exodus include the exhortation: “Do not oppress a foreigner; you yourselves Because Genesis is unclear about the specific sins that led God to destroy Sodom. Why did God destroy Sodom and Gomorrah? outside of the book of Revelation actually for the sin of inhospitality, not homosexuality? (2) the city was destroyed because the people of Sodom had tried to rape the angels. In our contemporary lexicon, the phrase “Sodom and Gomorrah” has narrative that it is not homosexuality that is the sin of Sodom and Gomorrah For one central lesson of Sodom and Gomorrah is that the cities were destroyed not because.
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